The Odyssey Background Information Worksheet Answers

The Odyssey Background Information Worksheet Answers – 1 The Iliad and the Odyssey, Part 1 by Vicky Chao Homer was the most famous poet in ancient Greece. But he is also a mysterious man. For centuries, scholars were unsure when he lived and where he came from. They can’t even agree if it exists or not! Despite lingering questions, historians credit Homer with the two greatest poems of ancient Greece. They say he wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad (pronounced “IL-ee-ud”) consists of 24 books and 16,000 lines. It describes the final days of the Trojan War and introduces the character Odysseus. The Odyssey (pronounced “AHD-ih-see”) also has 24 books. But it is small with only 11,300 lines. The Odyssey is like a sequel to the Iliad because it focuses on Odysseus and his struggle to return home after the Trojan War. This is a short story about Iliad and Odyssey. A long time ago in Greece there lived a girl named Helen. His appearance has been a topic of discussion since childhood. Wherever he goes, people always turn their heads to admire him. Everyone agreed that she was the most beautiful girl in the world. Every young man – both in Greece – dreamed of marrying her. One by one they come to confess their love. As the competition intensified, Helen’s father began to scrutinize the applicants. Eventually she came to live with Menelaus. Menelaus was king of Sparta. His brother, Agamemnon (King of Mycenae), was the most powerful ruler in Greece. Helen’s father knew that his choice would break many hearts. To avoid trouble, he swears off everyone who likes Helen. He promised them not to take Helen from Menelaus. If one of them does this, the others will band together to retrieve it. At the time, the idea seemed fantastic. Helen and Menelaus married without issue. Everyone else moved on with their lives. Nothing for a while. Before long, many of those searching for Helen – like Odysseus – forgot about the promise. A few years later, Odysseus became king of Ithaca. He married Penelope. They both had a son named Telemachus. They were very happy. Although Odysseus manages to get Helen out of his mind, Paris, the Trojan leader, has more trouble. One day a great opportunity came. On that fateful day, three goddesses – Athena (goddess of wisdom), Aphrodite (goddess of love) and Hera (queen of all gods and goddesses) – came to see Paris. They asked him the only question. Which of them is the most beautiful? Paris was crushed to see them. He does not dishonor any God. But when Aphrodite promised Helen’s hand as his wife, the choice was clear. Immediately, Paris declares that Aphrodite is the best. The radiant goddess used her power to make Helen fall in love with Paris. The two fled and stole many of Menelaus’ treasures. For many years no one knew where Helen was in Paris. Then they suddenly got up and went back to Troy, the city of Paris. When the message reached Menelaus, he asked all of Helen’s suitors to swear an oath. Of course, Odysseus is on a roll. He tried not to walk. But he cannot break a promise. So with a heavy heart he beckoned his wife and child to safety, and joined Menelaus and Alice. When he arrived, he saw many warriors already entering. They are all preparing for war. As soon as Odysseus stopped his ship, he gathered with the others and shared the joy. Then they got down to business. He will lead this campaign on Agameghas. And Nestor, the sick king of Pylos, becomes his adviser. After the plan was settled and sacrifices made to the gods, they left for Troy. The Trojans saw the Greeks coming. They tried to stop the attackers from falling down. But for the most part, they can never banish them. Finally they left the safety of their city walls and retreated. The Trojans lost their first game. To avoid further bloodshed, the Greeks sought peace. So they sent Odysseus, Menelaus and, according to some, Acamas to reason with the Trojans. What they want is right. They want to recover Helen and the stolen treasure. Despite their arguments, the Trojans refused to go along. They are very large

2 upsets from previous wins. A loud shout was given to the visitors. As the situation changed, the three Greek ambassadors fled. The stubbornness of the Trojans left the Greeks with no choice. Now they hold nothing back. They will completely invade the country. They don’t leave Troy until they get Helen and the stolen treasure. The Greeks thought that conquering Troy would be easy. But they are wrong. As the war dragged on for months to years, the Greeks finally realized that they could not take it by storm. To make matters worse, the plague hit their camp. The disease killed many Greek soldiers and could kill many more. All Greeks knew the cause of disease. They blamed Agamemnon directly. He defied the great god Apollo and kept his priest’s daughter as a prize of war. Selfishness brought him great power. As the death toll continues to mount and Agamemnon shows no sign of giving up, Achilles insults his leader. He blamed her for this disaster. Enraged, Agamemnon took possession. Achilles says that he will spare Chryses if she will be replaced by Briseis, Achilles’ beloved slave. Achilles was very angry. But finally he came and agreed to hand over Briseis. He tells Agamemnon that he has ended this whole war. He prophesies that Agamemnon will one day see the value of dying as a great warrior. With these parting words Achilles left the Greek camp. Later, Achilles recounts his ordeal with his mother, the sea nymph, and the goddess Thetis. Thetis felt great pity for her son. He went up to Olympus and gave his speech to Zeus, the king of all gods and goddesses. When Zeus heard the news, he felt sorry for Achilles. He assures Thetis that she will take matters into her own hands and bring justice to Achilles. That night, Zeus arranged a false dream and presented it to Agamemnon. The next morning, Agamemnon told his generals to prepare for a full-scale attack on the Trojans. It is boasted that the expected success will come today because it was dreamed the night before. Encouraged by the sight, the Greeks threw all their might into this one great battle. But the Trojans were not deterred as Achilles was nowhere to be seen. For the first time in nine years, the Trojans dared to challenge their opponents on the field. As the two sides fought fiercely against each other, Paris came face to face with Menelaus. Although Paris was taken aback by this threat, she did not back down. So he agreed to agree with Menelaus. The winner is Helen and keeps the entire fortune. Menelaus agreed. Suddenly the war stopped. Now the focus is on the upcoming game. Paris took her time to launch her first attack but missed. Then it was Menelaus’s turn. Menelaus may not be as good as Paris, but he sure is a good warrior. As a result, he quickly fled Paris and was attracted to the rest of the Greeks. He thought he had victory in his hand. But suddenly Aphrodite appears and Paris is cut loose. His actions were the last straw for Athena and Hera; The two goddesses are still very angry after winning the beauty pageant. So they took steps to help the Greeks. Now the Trojan War became a conflict not only between men but also between men. On the Greek side they have Athena, Hera and Poseidon (god of the sea, earthquakes and horses). On the Trojan side they had Apollo (god of music, poetry and archery), Aphrodite and Ares (god of war). Zeus tried to remain neutral, but the task became more difficult. As the conflict escalated, the Greeks began to perish. When Patroclus, Achilles’ best friend, heard of this, he asked the hero to change his words. At first Achilles refused to make mistakes. But later he changed his mind and gave his weapon to Patroclus.

The Odyssey Background Information Worksheet Answers

The Odyssey Background Information Worksheet Answers

The odyssey homeric similes worksheet answers, the sun worksheet answers, the odyssey questions and answers, the odyssey study guide answers, the odyssey worksheet answers, the electromagnetic spectrum worksheet answers, career information math worksheet answers, beyond the worksheet answers, the odyssey introduction worksheet answers, control and information device symbols worksheet answers, odyssey worksheet answers, the odyssey part 2 worksheet answers